Posts Tagged ‘US’

In a move that will be the United States’ first official offensive reaction against the Nigerian radical islamist sect Boko Haram, the US departments of State and Treasury are to officially apply the label of “Foreign Terrorist” to the three main figures of the militant Islamic sect.

The move comes in the wake of constant criticism of the Obama administration’s indecision in taking a definitive action against Boko Haram, which aims to impose an Islamic caliphate of sorts in northern Nigeria, and has been responsible for incessant bombings and violence in the region. On Sunday it attacked 3 churches in the northern Nigerian state of Kaduna, killing and wounding countless citizens of the state.

The three chief figures at the helm of affairs of the sect as identified by the US government are Abubakar Shekau 43, Abubakar Adam Kambar 35, and Khalid al Barnawi 36 all Nigerian citizens. In a video released not so long ago, Abubakar Shekau allegedly aligned himself with dreaded terrorist organization Al Qaeda which might have heightened the US government’s resolve to finally take a stand. All three will have their US assets frozen and US citizens will be forbidden from having any dealings with them.

The decision however doesn’t go down well with some US lawmakers and the Justice department who are demanding that the US government label the entire group as a foreign terrorist organization and deal with it as such. In January, Lisa Monaco, the Justice Department’s top security official sent a letter to the State department citing that Boko Haram meets the criteria of a “foreign terrorist” being that it engages in terrorist acts that threaten the United States, or that it has the wherewithal to do so.

Interestingly, some US academic experts on Africa are of the opinion that the US should not label the group a terrorist organization. In a letter to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in May, they argued that such a label would only serve to enhance the group’s reputation and standing especially among new recruits and apologists.

Since 2011, Boko Haram has been responsible for an increasingly brazen spate of bombings which have claimed close to a thousand lives, and have wounded and displaced countless others with property entering billions of Naira also being destroyed.

 

adapted from Reuters

 

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(CBS/AP) A Russian ship carrying small arms and ammunition and possibly a small contingent of troops is on its way out of the Black Sea and into the Mediterranean bound for Syria, CBS News correspondent David Martin reports. U.S. intelligence believes the weapons are intended to re-supply or beef up the defenses at Russia’s naval base in Syria.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov speaks at a news conference in Moscow June 9, 2012. (AP Photo)

The move, while not necessarily an indication of new military support for the regime of Syrian President Bashar Assad, comes amid increasingly tense U.S.-Russia relations regarding the Syria crisis.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton this week issued harsh words over Russia’s refusal to take tougher measures on Syria, though her accusation that Russia “dramatically” escalated the crisis in Syria lost steam Thursday when the State Department acknowledged the helicopters she accused Moscow of sending were actually refurbished ones already owned by the Assad regime.
The claim had complicated the Obama administration’s larger goals for Syria and U.S.-Russia relations.
Russia’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement Friday that Moscow is only providing Syria with defensive weapons, adding that the refurbishment of the helicopters supplied many years ago had been planned in advance.
Also Friday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov denied Thursday’s statement by State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland that Moscow and Washington “are continuing to talk about a post-Assad transition strategy,” saying that Moscow isn’t discussing Syria’s future without Assad.
Lavrov, who met with the State Department’s No. 2 official William Burns in Kabul on Thursday, maintained that Russia believes it’s up to the Syrians to determine their country’s future and said foreign players shouldn’t meddle.
“It’s not true that we are discussing Syria’s fate after Bashar Assad,” Lavrov said following talks in Moscow with his Iraqi counterpart. “We aren’t dealing with a regime change either through approving unilateral actions at the United Nations Security Council nor through taking part in some political conspiracies.”
Despite pressure from the West, Russia, along with China, has twice shielded Syria, its last remaining ally in the Arab world, from international sanctions over Assad’s violent crackdown on protests that have left 13,000 people dead, according to opposition groups.
Lavrov argued that an international conference on Syria that Russia has proposed should focus on persuading the Syrian parties to sit down for talks. He said that a June 30 meeting on Syria in Geneva proposed by U.N. and Arab League envoy for Syria, Kofi Annan, should pursue the same goal, warning that Russia would oppose any attempt to use the conference to determine Syria’s future.
“This meeting should be aimed at mobilizing resources that foreign players have to create conditions needed to start an all-Syrian political process, not to predetermine its direction.”
He warned against using the conference to “justify any future unilateral actions.”
Lavrov said that Russia believes that a conference on Syria it’s proposing should bring together the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council along with all Syria’s neighbors, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the Arab League, the European Union and Iran.
In an apparent reference to the U.S. objections against Iran’s participation, Lavrov said the conference organizers should be driven by a desire to settle the conflict, not “ideological preferences.”
In an opinion piece posted Friday on the Huffington Post, Lavrov insisted that “Russia is not a defender of the current regime in Damascus and has no political, economic or other reasons for becoming one.”
He also reaffirmed criticism of Assad, saying that “the main responsibility for the crisis that has swept over the country lies with the Syrian government, that has failed to take the course of reform in due time or draw conclusions from the deep changes unfolding in international relations.”
But Lavrov also argued that a push for an immediate ouster of Assad would plunge Syria into an all-out war. “Pressing for an immediate ousting of Bashar al-Assad, contrary to the aspirations of a considerable segment of Syrian society that still relies on this regime for its security and well-being, would mean plunging Syria into a protracted and bloody civil war,” Lavrov wrote

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There are strong indications  that the  US President Barack Obama has ordered the US Navy and Air Force to accelerate preparations for a limited air offensive against the Assad regime and the imposition of no-fly zones over Syria as DEBKAfile reports. Their mission will be to knock out Assad’s central regime and military command centers so as to shake regime stability and restrict Syrian army and air force activity for subduing rebel action and wreaking violence on civilian populations.

DEBKAfile’s sources disclose that the US President decided on this step after hearing Russian officials stating repeatedly that “Moscow would support the departure of President Bashar al-Assad if Syrians agreed to it.”  This position was interpreted as opening up two paths of action:

1.  To go for Assad’s removal by stepping up arms supplies to the rebels and organizing their forces as a professional force able to take on the military units loyal to Assad. This process was already in evidence Friday, June 8, when for the first time a Syrian Free Army (which numbers some 600 men under arms) attacked a Syrian army battalion in Damascus. One of its targets was a bus carrying Russian specialists.

2.  To select a group of high army officers who, under the pressure of the limited air offensive, would be ready to ease Assad out of power or stage a military coup to force him and his family to accept exile.

The US operation would be modulated according to the way political and military events unfold. Washington is not sure how Moscow would react aside from sharp condemnations or whether Russia would accept a process of regime change in Damascus and its replacement by military rule.

Full Story Available on http://www.debka.com

The US secretary of state Hillary Clinton has warned that Russia is sending Attack Helicopters to the aid of Syrian President Bashar Assad, a move she warns would only escalate the already tense atmosphere in the country.

The UN and several countries have blamed Assad’s regime for masterminding the deaths, torture and kidnapping of the regime’s opponents which have been ongoing in Syria recently. Most notably the Homs massacre.

China and Russia have stood behind the Syrian regime throughout the duration of the 15 month long conflict, and this new move by Moscow could spell doom for the UN plan to put an end to the crisis.

In related news, there are also reports emerging that Saudi Arabia and Qatar are arming Anti-Assad forces, increasing fears of a full blown civil war.

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